Wednesday, 8 February 2017

How To Manage Your Money - a beginner guide (Part Two)

So, you’ve started budgeting your money, you’re building credit, and you’re spending less than you earn.  Now comes the next part: saving for the future, which for a lot of people can be even more daunting.  Far too many people find excuses to put this off, perhaps because it seems too far away to matter, or it feels impossible and overwhelming.  However, the consequences of not paying attention to this from an early stage can be far reaching. The earlier you start saving, the better off you’ll be later on in life.  Not only that, you’ll also spend less effort trying to get there later.

Remember those sections in your budget discussed last week called Savings and Investments? Start trying to make sure you’re adding to these as a matter of habit.  If your employer uses direct deposit and your monthly salary goes directly to your bank account (which tends to be the case for most of us), you can ask for different portions of your pay sent to multiple accounts.  You can use this to send money to a separate savings account that you don’t have a debit card for, or that’s not easy to transfer to your regular checking account. Note - The money you never have access to is the easiest to save.

Having money in a savings account will help you save for little things, like your emergency fund or a new computer. But your real, long-term savings are going toward something far more important: retirement.  One day you’ll want to stop working, and you’ll need a big chunk of savings to keep you going in your golden years.  A modest savings account isn’t the best way to do this, and this is where more sophisticated and structured investments will come in to play.   If you can allocate a portion of savings into some fairly simple, low-risk investments, it will make money for you while you sleep—and over the course of years and decades, that can add up to an awful lot.  

Long-term investments can may come in part from your employer.  Many companies offer pension plans that you can fund with money deducted from your paycheck before taxes. In some cases, employers will also match some or all of what you contribute, which means you’re literally getting free money just for having an investment account with them.  Company pensions are by no means risk-free however, and the rapidly increasing pensions deficit in countries like the US, UK, France and Germany unfortunately means many final salary schemes are no longer available to new employees.  This means more and more people are turning to private pension schemes to help fund their retirement.

Investing doesn’t have to be complicated, either—it doesn’t mean picking winning stocks or timing the market.  If you’re just starting out and don’t yet have the knowledge or market understanding, you can even use an online service to do it all automatically for you.  These can guide you through the process of setting up an investment plan based on your age, goals, and risk preferences – and will then automatically pick which companies or industries to invest in.   If you prefer a more personal touch when discussing financial priorities, then you are best consulting a professional advisor.  By employing the services of an IFA you should be able to find the investment product that is best suited to your specific needs, but be sure to do your research carefully.  Ensure the firm advising you are fully licensed and legally able to operate wherever you might be living.  Holding the correct FCA license means a company can provide truly independent advice and should have access to a much wider range of products and providers.  More importantly by working with a properly licensed advisory firm you have the additional peace of mind that they can be held accountable for any advice and services they provide.

Getting started with long-term investments will often be one of the hardest parts of your financial life because, when you’re just starting out, you don’t have much money.   It is important that you re-examine your investments every time you get a raise or a new job that pays you more. When you make more money, it will of course be tempting to upgrade your life with a new car or apartment to match your new budget.   This is known as ‘Lifestyle Inflation’, and while it’s okay to move up, the smartest among us will make this priority number one, reaching financial independence that little bit sooner.

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